How to Care for Your Dog:
Talk to your veterinarian about:
• If your dog has any special needs.
• How to prevent fleas and ticks.
• What vaccines and de-wormings your dog received, and what she will need in the future. Dogs can be born with worms, so de-worming is necessary even for dogs who only live indoors. Puppies can get a combination vaccine that includes distemper and parvovirus when they’re six to eight weeks old, and a rabies vaccine when they’re three months old. It’s very important that keep up with your dog’s vaccinations. Write down the dates when your dog was vaccinated so you know when she needs more.
Make sure your dog is sterilized (spayed/neutered/de-sexed). There are many reasons:
• Your dog will be less likely to show territorial behavior, run away, bark constantly, and bite or fight with other dogs or people.
• Your dog will be far less likely to get many kinds of cancer and sexually transmitted diseases.
• If your dog is female, you won’t need to clean up the mess when she is in heat.
• It’s much harder than you think to find people to adopt up to seven puppies.
• Your dog will not contribute to the dog overpopulation. Countless puppies starve to death in the streets every year. Please don’t add to this problem!
Take your dog to a vet or animal hospital at least once every year, even if he seems healthy, for a health check and vaccinations. Every year, dogs should get a rabies vaccination and a combination vaccination that includes distemper, parvovirus, and leptospirosis.
If your dog seems sick, is acting strangely, or has less energy than usual, take him to a veterinarian or animal hospital immediately. Waiting to give your dog medical care may cause him more suffering, and the problem may become more difficult and more expensive to treat.
Distemper and parvovirus: These are very common in much of the world and can be deadly. Puppies younger than six to eight weeks are too young to be vaccinated for these diseases. If you see any of these signs in a puppy, immediately take her to a veterinary hospital or your local vet for medical care:
• Coughing or sneezing
• Discharge from eyes or nose
• Loss of hunger
• Tiredness and lack of energy
• Diarrhea (watery or with blood)
Tapeworms: Segments of tapeworms look like pieces of rice. If you see these, especially in your dog’s feces (poop) or bedding, take the dog to your veterinarian.
Consider getting your dog microchipped. This is a form of identification that can’t be lost or removed. A vet can easily put the microchip in, and it is basically painless.
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